How to choose the right flooring for your home

Interiors expert Hugh St Clair gives the lowdown on the best types of flooring for your home, from encaustic tiles for areas of heavy traffic, to velvet pile carpet in the bedroom.

Tiles by Fired Earth

Image: Fired Earth – Encaustic tiles

Floors are subject to fashion like so many other things – in the 1970s we put down fitted carpets everywhere, even in bathrooms. In the 1980s cork tiles were the default flooring in most homes, then sisal. Now, all the fitted carpets have been ripped out and it’s floorboards and rugs everywhere. Although encaustic tiles – which are inlaid rather than painted and were very popular with the Victorians – are making a comeback.

That said, flooring in a home should be a mix of materials, depending on the area of the house.

Areas of heavy traffic, halls and utility rooms

Traditionally, hallways were often tiled. Fired Earth has a new collection of encaustic tiles based on traditional Encaustics are very porous so they need sealing.  Do not clean them with supermarket floor cleaners, rather polish them monthly with Lithofin which does not contain acids or bleach. In a boot room or laundry a cheaper option is  “The New England” range of matting from It looks exactly like sisal, but unlike sisal it is non-absorbent and easy to clean. Surface dirt can be vacuumed and spills can be washed with a mop and warm water. Dr Shultz cleaning products are available from and can be applied with a soft brush – it is the best cleaning product for this flooring and is also suitable for all laminate and cork floors.

Tiles by Fired Earth

Image: Fired Earth

Bathrooms and kitchens

Fitted carpets may feel warm in a bathroom but they absorb moisture. For a more colourful approach, bathroom rubber flooring from Dalsouple is fun and modern and comes studded and ribbed, both as a tile and on a roll in a kaleidoscope of colours. All limestone must be slip-tested. Bush hammered, flamed and sandblasted are the least slippery finishes, such as those found on and – and they look both calm and smart in a bathroom or wet room. When choosing a floor for the kitchen, one has to carefully consider various factors. Limestone looks wonderful but is porous and spilled soft drinks and food containing acid can cause damage if the sealant is not completely impenetrable. Again, it can’t be cleaned with products from a supermarket. As with tiles, limestone can be hard on the feet. Bamboo flooring such as that found on is an alternative. Sustainable, hard-wearing but softer underfoot bamboo is also easy to clean with “Bona Pro Hardwood Floor Cleaner”.

Bedrooms and living rooms

Nothing creates a feeling of cosiness in a bedroom better than woven and velvet pile carpets in enveloping red and dark blue, either patterned or plain, such as those found on and and Floorboards painted pale grey or white bring in light to downstairs rooms. When adding a rug choose one that touches all the legs of the chairs in the seating area. For a carpet  to cover the floor area in a large room leave an 18-inch  border of floorboards  round the edge. In a small room leave around 8 inches. For beautiful antique rugs and carpets from all over the world visit which is the website of an annual April textile’s fair and also respected dealer Joshua Lumleyon A breakfast or dining room doesn’t often need a rug so a floor stencil on painted boards would really add an individual touch

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